Top 10 convincing arguments why natural materials are sustainable

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The question “why are natural materials sustainable?” has become more than just a scientific inquiry; it’s a clarion call for those who are striving to protect our planet. As awareness about the environmental crisis grows, many of us are looking for ways to reduce our impact on the planet. One strategy that’s gaining momentum is turning to natural materials, due to their inherent sustainability. This blog post dives into the top 10 convincing arguments supporting the sustainability of natural materials, shedding light on their beneficial properties and the positive impacts they have on our environment, health, and society.

Table of Contents

1. Natural Materials are Renewable

Renewability has become a key term in conversations around sustainability. But what does it actually mean? Well, a renewable resource is a substance of economic value that can be replenished on a scale comparable to its consumption.

Understanding the concept of renewable resources

In other words, nature can produce more of this resource within our lifetime, even as we continue to use it. This contrasts sharply with non-renewable resources, like fossil fuels, which take millions of years to form and thus are essentially finite in the context of human lifetimes.

Now, how does this idea apply to natural materials? They’re generally derived from the renewable bounty of the natural world. As such, they’re intrinsically linked with the concept of renewability.

Explanation of how natural materials like wood, bamboo, and wool are renewable

Take wood, for instance. Forests, when responsibly managed, can be a sustainable source of timber. As one tree is felled, new ones are planted, absorbing carbon as they grow and ensuring a continuous supply of wood.

Then, there’s bamboo, a fast-growing grass that reaches maturity within 3-5 years, much faster than most trees. It can be harvested without killing the plant, making it a renewable source of material. Similarly, wool is renewable because it grows on sheep, which can produce a new fleece each year without harm to the animal.

Real-life examples of the renewability of natural materials

Consider the forests of ScandinaviThey are meticulously managed to maintain a constant level of growth and harvesting, providing a sustainable supply of timber. Or look to China, where vast bamboo plantations provide a renewable source of this versatile material.

In New Zealand, sheep farming practices ensure that wool production is sustainable. Sheep are sheared annually, and the wool is replaced naturally by the sheep’s own biological processes. These examples show that when we manage natural resources responsibly, they can indeed be renewable, offering a more sustainable alternative to artificial materials.

2. Lower Carbon Footprint of Natural Materials

Our planet’s wellbeing is inextricably linked to our carbon footprint. But what is a carbon footprint exactly?

Basic explanation of carbon footprint

Essentially, a carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases, measured in terms of carbon dioxide equivalence, that are emitted directly or indirectly by an individual, organization, event, or product. It’s a yardstick of the environmental impact that these entities have on our planet.

Natural materials, as you might have guessed, often come with a lower carbon footprint than their synthetic counterparts. But why is this so?

Comparison of the carbon footprints of natural and synthetic materials

Let’s consider the life cycle of a typical synthetic material, say plastic, versus a natural material like bamboo. Plastic, derived from petroleum, involves a carbon-intensive extraction and refining process, not to mention the significant energy used in its manufacture and transport.

Bamboo, on the other hand, absorbs carbon dioxide as it grows, and requires less energy to process into a usable material. Thus, when considering the carbon footprint from a life-cycle perspective, natural materials generally outperform synthetics.

Case study of a product made from natural materials and its carbon footprint

Take, for instance, a bamboo toothbrush versus a plastic one. A study by the Australian environmental consultancy firm Edge Environment found that a bamboo toothbrush has less than half the carbon footprint of a plastic toothbrush.

Similarly, a study from the UK-based firm PRé Sustainability showed that wool carpets have a smaller carbon footprint than those made from synthetic fibers like nylon. Both studies underline the carbon-saving potential of choosing natural materials over synthetics.

3. Biodegradability: Nature’s Way of Recycling

The cycle of life is one of nature’s most profound marvels, and biodegradability is an integral part of it. It allows the materials of the Earth to be endlessly reused in a magnificent loop.

Introduction to biodegradability

Biodegradability refers to the ability of materials to break down and return to nature. In order for packaging products or materials to qualify as biodegradable, they must completely break down and decompose into natural elements within a short time after disposal – typically a year or less.

What makes a material biodegradable? It’s all about the microscopic organisms. Bacteria, fungi, and other microbes feed on the organic waste materials, breaking them down into simpler compounds. This process helps to return the materials back to nature, completing the cycle of life.

Explanation of how natural materials decompose over time

The natural materials we use, from wood to wool to cotton, are all part of this cycle. Because they’re made of organic compounds, bacteria and other microbes can break them down over time.

Let’s take cotton, for example. As a natural fiber, it’s completely biodegradable. In the right conditions – moist, warm, and teeming with microorganisms – it can decompose in as little as a week. On the other hand, a synthetic fiber like polyester can take hundreds of years to fully decompose, cluttering our environment with waste.

The long-term environmental impact of using biodegradable materials

Choosing biodegradable materials helps to reduce waste and pollution in the environment. Instead of persisting for years in a landfill or littering our landscapes and oceans, these materials can decompose and return to the earth.

The impact of this choice can be profound. According to a study published in the journal Science Advances, of the 8.3 billion metric tons of plastic ever produced, 6.3 billion metric tons has become plastic waste. Much of this waste persists in the environment, causing pollution and harming wildlife. By choosing biodegradable materials, we can help to reduce this burden on our planet.

4. Minimal Processing Required

We often don’t consider the environmental toll that processing materials can take. Yet, it’s a critical factor in assessing a material’s sustainability.

The environmental cost of processing materials

Processing involves transforming raw materials into a form that we can use. It can include a wide range of activities, from refining and manufacturing to transport and disposal. Each of these steps uses energy and resources, and can release pollution into the environment.

For synthetic materials, this process can be especially resource-intensive. For example, producing plastic involves extracting petroleum, refining it into ethylene and propylene, and then chemically combining these substances to create plastic resin. Each step of this process uses energy and contributes to pollution.

Highlighting the minimal processing needs of natural materials

In contrast, many natural materials require minimal processing. Take hemp, for example. To turn hemp into a usable fiber, it needs to be retted (a process of naturally breaking down the pectins that bind the fibers together), combed, and spun. This process is far less resource-intensive than the manufacture of synthetic fibers.

Similarly, wood can be used with relatively little processing. It needs to be cut, dried, and perhaps treated with natural preservatives. Again, this is far less energy-intensive than the process required to produce a comparable synthetic material like plastic or steel.

A look at the processing of a popular natural material

Let’s consider the processing of wool. After shearing, the wool is scoured to remove dirt and grease. It’s then carded or combed to align the fibers, and finally spun into yarn.

Compare this to the production of a synthetic fiber like nylon. Nylon is made from petroleum through a complex chemical process that emits nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas 300 times more potent than carbon dioxide. In terms of processing, it’s clear that wool has a significantly lower environmental impact than nylon.

5. Natural Materials are Energy Efficient

As we grapple with the realities of a changing climate, energy efficiency becomes ever more important. The materials we use, and the energy required to produce them, play a crucial role in this equation.

Defining energy efficiency in the context of materials

When we talk about energy efficiency in relation to materials, we’re referring to the amount of energy required to extract, produce, and transport a given material. It’s a measure of how much usable product we get for each unit of energy invested.

So why does this matter? The production and use of energy, especially from fossil fuels, is a major source of greenhouse gases. By using materials that require less energy to produce, we can help to reduce these emissions.

Comparison of energy efficiency between natural and artificial materials

Here’s a fact that might surprise you: natural materials are typically much more energy-efficient than their artificial counterparts.

Why is this the case? Simply put, it comes down to the complexity of the production processes. Synthetic materials like plastics or metals require significant energy to extract their raw materials and transform them into a usable form.

Natural materials, on the other hand, often require much less energy to produce. That’s because nature has done most of the work for us, growing the trees or producing the wool that we can then harvest and use.

Real-world implications of choosing energy-efficient materials

Choosing energy-efficient materials can have a significant impact on our planet’s health. It can help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, slow the pace of climate change, and even save money by reducing energy costs.

Consider the case of building materials. According to a study by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the use of natural building materials such as timber can save up to 26% of the energy compared to synthetic materials like steel or concrete.

That’s a significant saving, not only in terms of energy but also in terms of carbon emissions and cost. By choosing energy-efficient, natural materials, we’re taking a significant step towards a more sustainable future.

6. Health Benefits of Using Natural Materials

Did you know that the materials we surround ourselves with can impact our health? It’s true, and the difference between natural and synthetic materials in this respect can be quite startling.

The hidden health risks of synthetic materials

Many synthetic materials contain chemicals that can be harmful to our health. These substances can leach out of the materials over time, entering our bodies through the air we breathe, the water we drink, or the food we eat.

Take phthalates, for example. These chemicals are used to make plastics more flexible and durable, but they’ve been linked to a range of health problems, from hormone disruption to respiratory issues.

How natural materials reduce these risks

Natural materials, on the other hand, tend to be free from these harmful chemicals. They’re produced from natural sources, without the need for the complex, chemical-intensive processes that produce synthetics.

That means they can create healthier environments for us to live in. For instance, wool carpets can improve indoor air quality by absorbing pollutants, while wooden furniture doesn’t emit the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that are often found in synthetic alternatives.

Stories from individuals who have benefited from switching to natural materials

Consider the story of Lisa, a mother from Portland, Oregon. After her son was diagnosed with asthma, she decided to replace all the synthetic carpets in her house with wool ones. Within weeks, she noticed a significant improvement in her son’s health.

Or think about Jake, an office worker from London. He started suffering from headaches and fatigue after moving into a new office. When he discovered that the office was furnished with synthetic materials that emitted VOCs, he convinced his employer to switch to natural alternatives. His symptoms quickly disappeared after the change.

These stories illustrate the potential health benefits of choosing natural materials. They’re not just good for the planet – they’re good for us too.

7. Promotion of Local Economies

It’s not just the environment that benefits from our choice of materials. Local economies, too, can see a significant boost when we opt for natural, sustainable options.

The economic impact of the material industry

The material industry is a major economic player, contributing to job creation, investment, and trade. This economic activity, though, isn’t evenly distributed. The production of synthetic materials tends to be centralized in a few large factories, often located in areas with easy access to raw materials or cheap labor.

On the other hand, the production of natural materials is typically more dispersed. It can take place on a smaller scale, in local communities, providing jobs and boosting local economies.

How choosing natural materials can bolster local economies

Choosing natural materials can have a direct impact on the economies of the regions where these materials are produced. When we buy wood from a local forest, wool from a nearby farm, or stone from a local quarry, we’re supporting local jobs and businesses.

What’s more, these industries can have a ripple effect on the rest of the local economy. They support a range of other businesses, from transport and logistics to retail and services. This can help to create a vibrant, resilient local economy.

Case study of a local economy thriving due to natural material production

Consider the case of Mendocino, California. This community has a long history of timber production, dating back to the 1850s. Today, it’s home to a number of sustainable timber businesses that manage the forests responsibly, provide local jobs, and contribute to the local economy.

Likewise, in New Zealand, the wool industry is a key part of the local economy. Farmers shear their sheep and sell the wool to local and international markets. The industry provides jobs for thousands of people, from the shearers and farmhands to the truck drivers and wool sorters.

8. Natural Materials Encourage Biodiversity

Biodiversity might sound like a buzzword, but it’s a critical component of a healthy planet. And it turns out that our choice of materials can have a big impact on biodiversity.

Explanation of biodiversity and its importance

Biodiversity refers to the variety of life on Earth. It includes the range of species, from animals and plants to fungi and bacteria, and the ecosystems they form. Biodiversity is vital for the health of our planet. It helps to regulate the climate, filter water, and pollinate crops, among other benefits.

But biodiversity is under threat. Human activities, including the production of synthetic materials, are causing the loss of species and habitats. By choosing natural materials, we can help to protect biodiversity.

How natural material harvesting can promote a diverse ecosystem

When harvested sustainably, natural materials can actually promote biodiversity. Forests that are managed for timber production, for instance, can provide a range of habitats for wildlife. Similarly, farms that produce wool or other natural fibers can support a variety of plant and animal species.

Examples of ecosystems benefiting from natural material use

In the Pacific Northwest, for example, sustainable timber management practices have been found to support a diverse range of species, from the spotted owl to the Pacific salmon.

In the UK, traditional sheep grazing practices help to maintain a unique landscape known as the “sheepwalks,” which support a diverse array of plant and animal species, including some that are found nowhere else in the world.

These examples illustrate the potential of natural materials to contribute to biodiversity. By choosing these materials, we can support the richness and variety of life on our planet.

9. Longevity and Durability of Natural Materials

There’s a prevailing myth out there that natural materials lack the durability of their synthetic counterparts. However, reality paints a much different picture.

The misconception of natural materials being less durable

Many people tend to equate “natural” with “fragile,” perhaps thinking of delicate blossoms or leaves that decompose quickly. But let’s not forget that some of the strongest, most enduring materials known to humankind are completely natural. Think of stone that withstands the test of time, or hardwoods that can last for centuries.

The misconception might also stem from the fact that many synthetic materials are specifically engineered to resist wear and tear. However, this often comes at a significant environmental cost, and these materials can be hard to recycle or dispose of responsibly.

Evidence showcasing the long-lasting nature of these materials

When appropriately treated and maintained, natural materials can outlive many of their synthetic counterparts. Take hardwood furniture, for instance, which can last for generations, developing a patina that only adds to its appeal. Or consider natural stone, used in buildings and monuments that have stood for thousands of years.

In a similar vein, wool clothing is renowned for its durability. A well-cared-for wool sweater can keep you cozy for decades, and wool’s natural elasticity makes it resistant to tearing. This longevity not only means that we need to produce less but also results in less waste over time.

Personal experiences of people using durable natural products

Consider the story of Maria, who inherited a beautiful hardwood dining table from her grandmother. The table is over 80 years old and still serves as the heart of Maria’s family home. Or take the case of James, who wears a woolen overcoat that once belonged to his father. He talks about the coat with pride, saying it’s as warm and comfortable as it was 30 years ago.

Such stories emphasize the longevity and emotional value of natural materials, debunking the myth that they are somehow less durable than synthetic ones.

10. Natural Materials Connect Us to Nature

In an increasingly urbanized world, natural materials can serve as a vital link to the natural world. This connection is not just about aesthetics; it has profound psychological and emotional benefits, too.

The psychological and emotional benefits of feeling connected to nature

Research has shown that feeling connected to nature can enhance our wellbeing. It can reduce stress, improve mood, and boost our mental health. When we surround ourselves with natural materials, we are subconsciously reminded of nature and the tranquility it offers, creating a calming and rejuvenating atmosphere.

How using natural materials in our daily lives fosters this connection

Incorporating natural materials into our homes and wardrobes can strengthen our bond with the natural world. The simple act of resting on a wooden bench, wearing a wool sweater, or eating from a ceramic bowl can remind us of our connection to nature and the earth’s resources.

These daily interactions with natural materials can also increase our appreciation for the natural world and our understanding of its intrinsic value. This can, in turn, motivate us to make more sustainable choices and contribute to environmental conservation.

Stories of individuals who have felt this connection through the use of natural materials

Take the story of Anna, an artist who uses natural materials in her work. She describes how gathering and working with these materials make her feel connected to the cycles of nature. Or consider Tom, who built his own log cabin. He describes the process as a deeply rewarding experience, which gave him a profound sense of connection to the natural world.

Such stories illustrate the emotional and psychological benefits of using natural materials. They remind us that these materials are not just commodities, but part of a larger, interconnected ecosystem. By choosing natural materials, we can reinforce our bond with nature, enrich our lives, and contribute to a more sustainable world.


After exploring these compelling reasons, it’s clear why natural materials are sustainable. From their renewable nature to their lower carbon footprint, their energy efficiency to their biodegradability, natural materials prove to be a superior choice. By opting for these materials, we not only promote local economies and biodiversity, but we also ensure durability and longevity in our products, all while fostering a deeper connection with nature. With the current environmental crisis, moving towards a sustainable lifestyle is not just a choice, it’s an imperative. Embracing natural materials is a significant step in this direction, one that every one of us can take towards a more sustainable and healthier planet.

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